In this article I will discuss three such issues and their very simple solutions.
When clients refuse to pay
Everyone wants to get paid, but you may come across clients who refuse to do so. There are several ways in which you can protect yourself.
The first is to ask for a down payment. Most designers allow clients to pay them at the end of a job, which is a huge mistake. There are many payment plan options, but the best one is to ask for 50% payment upfront, and the second half at the end of the job. You can even ask for a full upfront compensation for smaller projects.
To make the contracting binding, use an invoice template or invoicing software and a contract, both of which should be signed by the client and yourself. Having the project and payment details in written form can make your position stronger if you need legal assistance to get your money.
According to a design community joke, even if you are an excellent designer, the client is likely to choose the worst design among all of your designs, and never the one you have worked the most on, because of which you could have to do numerous revisions.
Some clients may be finicky and may focus on the fine details, which is fine because you want them to be pleased with the final outcome. However, if you do not limit the revisions, your job could become a nightmare in which you invest so many hours that you actually do not make any money.
To avoid this, you set a few limitations before you start, sometimes 3 initial design concepts for a brochure and once they pick one concept, you could offer 3 rounds of revisions. Specify an additional price for further revisions, in case they want further work on it.
Poor timing and planning
Both of these can cause major problems in a project. You need to plan your projects down to each little detail and set deadlines for various milestones. Discuss all these in detail with the client and get their agreement in writing. For example, if you are designing a website, you should know the exact number of web pages you have to create and the content requirement for each.
Create a wireframe, which is a quick outline of what your design project will look like, so you will not miss any sections. You would need more time later to add the missing parts, which can cost you time and money.
Clients usually have tight deadlines, so they also need to know how much time the project will take. If you think you will need two weeks, add a few days in the estimated deadline to give yourself some margin.